Meningitis is a complex infectious disease that causes damage to the membranes of the brain and spinal cord. This pathology is the tenth most common infectious disease that affects the nervous system.
If meningitis is not treated, it can cause significant complications and consequences, even death.
Special attention deserve the symptoms inherent exclusively in meningitis. All these reflex syndromes bear the names of the “forefathers” of modern neurology who discovered and described them for the first time many years ago: Kernig, Mondonesi, Flatau, Lesage and others.
A hanging symptom is a specific diagnosis of meningitis only in infants (up to 2 years). In children of this age it is very difficult to determine the presence of meningitis, and the Lesage test was a real discovery in children's neuroscience of that time.
Symptom Lesage, or hanging, allows you to determine whether there is meningitis in an infant. This research is performed as follows:
If the baby involuntarily tightens the lower limbs to the tummy, bending them in the hip and knee joints, and in such a state holds them for a long time, then this is a positive Lesage syndrome. That is, it indicates the presence of meningitis in a child. In a healthy baby, legs freely move, bend and unbend.
Also for babies, the symptoms of Trenagine, Fanconi, Meitus are checked, but they are more complex and less informative.
The following important symptoms of meningitis are common to adults and children:
All these symptoms and specific reflexes are included in the meningeal symptom complex.